The loss and degradation of biodiversity is a challenge to us all. Biodiversity-based ecosystem services generate more than $150 trillion in value annually, which equals about twice the global GDP. And the decline in ecosystem function is already costing the global economy more than $5 trillion annually, with these shocks having a more severe impact on developing countries and poor populations.

Spanning several species-rich and ecologically fragile areas, the Belt and Road region is rich in biodiversity, and therefore requires extra attention to the impacts of energy and infrastructure along the Belt and Road. This topic follows the latest developments in biodiversity status and policies of Belt and Road countries, biodiversity impact assessment of Belt and Road projects, and funding support for biodiversity conservation in the region.

International Processes
Policy Update
Latest Research & Analyses
Focus Areas